Butyl Alcohol

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Butyl Alcohol  – Identification 

1.1Product Identifier  Product Form: Substance Product

1.2Intended Use of the Product raw material for printing inks and printing ink additives, Paint related material 

1.3Company Information 

RLS Chemicals

149 Elsburg Road, Germiston  

Information (Product safety) Telephone: +27 11 913 8060

1.4 Emergency Telephone Number 

South Africa +27 67 064 2645  

  1. Hazards identification 

Hazards description 

The substance is a flammable liquid and may form explosive air/vapour mixtures. 

Vapours may spread along floors and be ignited by electrostatic charges. 

The substance may cause permanent eye damages and by skin contact irritation and dehydration. Vapours are irritating to the respiratory system and also affects the central nervous system which may cause  drowsiness or dizziness. 

Early symptoms of exposure may include fatigue and headache. 

2.1. Classification of the substance or mixture 

Classification according to Regulation (EC) No. 1272/2008 [CLP] 

Acute toxicity – Oral Category 4 – (H302) Skin corrosion/irritation Category 2 – (H315) Serious eye damage/eye irritation Category 1 – (H318) Specific target organ toxicity (single exposure) Category 3 – (H335,H336) 

Flammable liquids Category 3 – (H226) 

Xn – Harmful 

Xi – Irritant 

2.2. Label elements 


Signal word Danger 

Hazard statements 

H318 – Causes serious eye damage 

H315 – Causes skin irritation 

H302 – Harmful if swallowed 

H336 – May cause drowsiness or dizziness 

H335 – May cause respiratory irritation 

H226 – Flammable liquid and vapour 

Butyl Alcohol – Precautionary Statements 

P210 – Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. – No smoking 

P241 – Use explosion-proof electrical/ ventilating/ lighting/ equipment 

P305 + P351 + P338 – IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses,  if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing 

P303 + P361 + P353 – IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing.  Rinse skin with water/shower 

P304 + P340 – IF INHALED: Remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing P312 – Call a POISON CENTRE or doctor if you feel unwell 

2.3. Other hazards 

None known 

  1. Composition/information on ingredients 

Preparation on the base: 

propan-1-ol; n-propanol 

Contents: >= 1.232 %W/W 

CAS-No. 71-23-8 Index-No. 603-003-00-0 EC-No. 200-746-9 

Symbol(s) F, Xi R-phrase(s) -R11 -R41 -R67 

butan-1-ol; n-butanol 

Contents: >= 62.001 %W/W 

CAS-No. 71-36-3 Index-No. 603-004-00-6 EC-No. 200-751-6 

Symbol(s) Xn R-phrase(s) -R10 -R22 -R37/38 -R41 -R67 

2-methylpropan-1-ol; iso-butanol 

Contents: >= 10.861 %W/W

CAS-No. 78-83-1 Index-No. 603-108-00-1 EC- No. 201-148-0 

Symbol(s) Xi R-phrase(s) -R10 -R37/38 -R41 -R67 


Contents: >= 0.838 %W/W 

CAS-No. 78-92-2 Index-No. 603-004-01-3 EC-No. 201-158-5 

Symbol(s) Xi R-phrase(s) -R10 -R36/37 -R67 

pentanol isomers, with the exception of those specified elsewhere in this Annex 

Contents: >= 18.006 %W/W 

CAS-No. 6032-29-7 Index-No. 603-006-00-7 EC-No. 227-907-6 

Symbol(s) XnXn R-phrase(s) -R10 -R20 -R37 -R66 -R10 -R20 -R37 -R66 

pentanol isomers, with the exception of those specified elsewhere in this Annex 

Contents: >= 4.161 %W/W 

CAS-No. 598-75-4 Index-No. 603-006-00-7 EC-No. 209-950-2 

Symbol(s) Xn R-phrase(s) -R10 -R20 -R37 -R66 

pentanol isomers, with the exception of those specified elsewhere in this Annex 

Contents: >= 2.06 %W/W 

CAS-No. 584-02-1 Index-No. 603-006-00-7 EC-No. 209-526-7 

Symbol(s) Xn R-phrase(s) -R10 -R20 -R37 -R66 

For the full text of the H-phrases mentioned in this Section, see Section 16. 

  1. First aid measures 

4.1 Description of first aid measures 

General advice Immediate medical attention is required. Emergency eyewash facilities must be  located 

in the vicinity of where the product is handled. If unconscious place in  

recovery position and seek medical advice. First aid personnel should pay  

attention to their own safety. 

Inhalation Remove to fresh air. Rinse mouth with water. If irritation persists get  medical 


Skin contact Wash off immediately with soap and plenty of water. Use lukewarm water if  possible. Get 

medical attention if irritation develops and persists. 

Eye contact Immediate medical attention is required. Rinse immediately with plenty of water,  also

under the eyelids, for at least 15 minutes. Use lukewarm water if  

possible. Keep eye wide open while rinsing. 

Ingestion Do NOT induce vomiting. Clean mouth with water and drink afterwards  plenty of water. 

Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical  


Self-protection of the first aider 

Avoid contact with skin, eyes or clothing. 

4.2. Most important symptoms and effects, both acute and delayed 

By ingestion: May cause abdominal pain, headache, nausea and diarrhoea. Large doses affect liver and  kidneys. May have a narcotic effect. By inhalation: The substance causes respiratory tract irritation and have a  narcotic effect. Inhalation of high concentrations of vapours may cause irritation of the respiratory tract with sore  throat, coughing, shortness of breath, headaches, nausea, dizziness, dullness, and unconsciousness. It can as  well give the same symptoms like those of ingestion. By skin contact: The substance has an irritating and  degreasing effect. May cause allergic reactions. By eye contact: Vapours are irritating for the eyes, causing  flood of tears and pain. Splashing may cause eye inflammation. Chronic effects: Prolonged inhalation has  caused auditory nerve and vestibular injury resulting in severe vertigo and hearing loss in workers exposed to 1- butanol. Repeated or prolonged contact may degrease the skin resulting in drying, cracking and eczematous  dermatitis. Person with pre-existing skin disorders or eye problems or impaired liver, kidney or respiratory  function may be more susceptible to the effects of the substance. 

4.3. Indication of any immediate medical attention and special treatment needed Treat symptomatically. 

  1. Fire-fighting measures 

5.1. Extinguishing media 

Suitable extinguishing media 

Water spray, carbon dioxide (CO2), dry chemical, alcohol-resistant foam. 

Unsuitable extinguishing media 

High volume water jet. 

5.2. Special hazards arising from the substance or mixture 

The substance is a flammable liquid and may form explosive air/vapour mixtures. Vapours are heavier than air  and may spread along floors. Thermal decomposition can lead to release of irritating and toxic gases and  vapours. 

Butyl Alcohol – Hazardous combustion products 

Carbon monoxide (CO), Carbon dioxide (CO2). 

5.3. Advice for firefighters 

Wear self-contained breathing apparatus and protective suit. 

Additional information

Cool containers with flooding quantities of water until well after fire is out. Prevent fire extinguishing water from  contaminating surface water or the ground water system. Foam should be applied in large quantities as it is  broken down to some extent by the product. 

  1. Accidental release measures 

6.1 Personal precautions, protectives and emergency procedures 

Do not touch damaged containers or spilled material unless wearing appropriate protective clothing. Ventilate affected area.  Remove all sources of ignition 

6.2. Environmental precautions 

Minimize the area spreading and cover the drains. Do not allow into any sewer, on the ground or into any body of  water. Local authorities should be advised if significant spillages cannot be contained. See Section 12 for additional  ecological information. 

6.3. Methods and material for containment and cleaning up 

Methods for containment 

Small spill 

Large spill 

Methods for cleaning up 

Absorb with earth, sand or other non-combustible material and transfer to containers for later disposal 

Pump up the product into a spare container suitably labelled. 

Clean contaminated surface thoroughly. 

6.4. Reference to other sections 

See Section 7,8,13 for more information. 

  1. Handling and storage 

7.1. Precautions for safe handling 

Ensure adequate ventilation, especially in confined areas. Keep away from heat, sparks, flame and other  sources of ignition (i.e., pilot lights, electric motors and static electricity). Take precautionary measures against  static discharges. Use spark-proof tools and explosion-proof equipment. Use personal protection recommended  in Section 8. 

Butyl Alcohol – General Hygiene Considerations 

Handle in accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety practice. 

7.2. Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities 

Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep tightly closed in a dry and cool place. Keep away from heat, sparks,  flame and other sources of ignition (i.e., pilot lights, electric motors and static electricity). Keep under  nitrogen blanket. 

7.3. Specific end use(s) 

For details, see the separate exposure scenario(s).

  1. Exposure controls/personal protection 

8.1. Control parameters 

Exposure Limits 

Keep personal exposure levels below Derived No Effect Level (DNEL) and national exposure limit values (if  existing). 

Chemical Name  European Union  United Kingdom



Not available  STEL: 50 ppm 

STEL: 154 mg/m



Derived No Effect Level (DNEL) – worker 

Butan-1-ol (71-36-3)
Type  Exposure route  DNEL  Remarks
Chronic effects, local  Inhalation  310  mg/m3


Derived No Effect Level (DNEL) – Consumer 

Butan-1-ol (71-36-3)
Type  Exposure route  DNEL  Remarks
Chronic effects, systemic  Oral  3.125  mg/kg bw/day
Chronic effects, local  Inhalation  55  mg/m3


Predicted No Effect Concentration (PNEC) 

Butan-1-ol (71-36-3)
Environmental compartment  Predicted No Effect Concentration (PNEC) Remarks
Freshwater  0.082  mg/l
Intermittent  2.25  mg/l


Freshwater sediment  0.178  mg/kg dry weight
Marine water  0.008  mg/l
Marine sediment  0.017  mg/kg dry weight
Impact on Sewage Treatment  2476  mg/l
Soil  0.015  mg/kg dry weight


8.2. Exposure controls 

Appropriate engineering controls 

Eyewash stations. Ensure adequate ventilation, especially in confined areas.

Individual protection measures, such as personal protective equipment 

Eye/face protection Tight sealing safety goggles. 

Hand Protection Wear protective gloves. Ensure that the breakthrough time of the glove material is not exceeded. Refer to glove supplier for information on breakthrough time for specific 


Duration of contact  Glove material  Glove thickness  Break through time  Remarks
Suitable materials also with prolonged, direct contact 

(protective index 6, 

corresponding > 480 minutes of permeation time according to EN 374):

Butyl rubber  0.7 mm  Gloves must conform to standard EN 374
Suitable materials also with prolonged, direct contact 

(protective index 6, 

corresponding > 480 minutes of permeation time according to EN 374):

Nitrile rubber, NBR  0.4 mm  Gloves must conform to standard EN 374


Skin and body protection Body protection must be chosen depending on activity and possible exposure, e.g. apron, protecting boots, chemical-protection suit (according to EN 14605 in case of 


Respiratory protection In case of insufficient ventilation, wear suitable respiratory equipment. Suitable respiratory protection for lower concentrations or short-term exposure: 

Gas filter for gases/vapours of organic compounds (boiling point >65°C, e. g. Type A) 

Suitable respiratory protection for higher concentrations or long-term exposure: 

Self-contained breathing apparatus. 

Butyl Alcohol Industrial Grade – Environmental exposure controls 

Further information concerning special risk management measures: see annex of this safety data sheet  (exposure scenarios). 

  1. Physical and chemical properties 

9.1. Information on basic physical and chemical properties 




Odour sweet 

Odour threshold No data available 

Property Values Remarks •Method pH 5 @ 20°C (47 g/l) 

Melting point/freezing point -90 °C / -130 °F lit. 

Boiling point / boiling range 117 °C / 243 °F OECD Test No. 103: Boiling Point Flash point 36 °C / 97 °F ASTM D 7094-04 Evaporation rate No information available Flammability (solid, gas) Not applicable 

Explosive limits 

Upper explosive limits 11.2 Vol-% lit. 

Lower explosive limits 1.4 Vol-% lit. 

Vapour pressure 1.0 kPa @ 25°C (lit.) 

Vapour density No information available Relative density 0.81 D20/4, ISO 2811-2 Water solubility 47 g/L @ 20 °C OECD Test No. 105: Water Solubility Solubility(ies) No information available Partition coefficient 1.1 log POW (@25°C) OECD Test No. 117: Partition Coefficient (n-octanol/water), HPLC Method 

Autoignition temperature 320 °C / 608 °F ASTM E 659-78 

Decomposition temperature Not applicable 

Kinematic viscosity No information available Dynamic viscosity 2.9 mPa s @ 20°C, ISO 3219 Explosive properties The product is not explosive. However, formation of explosive air/vapour mixtures are possible. 

Oxidising properties Not oxidizing. 

Density No information available Bulk density No information available 

9.2. Other information 

No information available. 

  1. Stability and reactivity 

10.1. Reactivity 

The substance is an alcohol. Alcohols exhibit both weak acid and weak base behavior. They may initiate the  polymerization of isocyanates and epoxides. The substance forms esters through condensation reactions. The  substance may be oxidized to aldehydes and ketones. 

10.2. Chemical stability 

Stable under normal conditions.

10.3. Possibility of hazardous reactions 

Reacts with: Oxidising substances, Strong acids. Reacts with ethylene carbonate to form butyl cellosolve (n butoxyethanol) (highly toxic). Reacts with nitrous acid to form butyl nitrite (toxic). Reacts with ammonia to  produce toxic butylamine. 

10.4. Butyl Alcohol Industrial Grade – Conditions to avoid 

Keep away from heat, sparks, flame and other sources of ignition (i.e., pilot lights, electric motors and static  electricity). 

10.5. Incompatible materials 

Strong oxidising agents. Attacks plastic and rubber. 

10.6. Hazardous decomposition products 

Thermal decomposition can lead to release of irritating and toxic gases and vapours. Carbon monoxide (CO).  Carbon dioxide (CO2) 

  1. Toxicological information 

11.1. Butyl Alcohol Industrial Grade – Information on toxicological effects 

Information on likely routes of exposure 

Inhalation. Dermal. 

Symptoms related to the physical, chemical and toxicological characteristics See Section 4 for more information. 

Numerical measures of toxicity 

Acute toxicity 

Harmful if swallowed. 

Butan-1-ol (71-36-3)
Method  Species  Exposure route  Effective dose  Remarks
OECD Test No. 401: Acute Oral Toxicity  Rat  Oral  2290  mg/kg LD50 (lethal dose)
OECD Test No. 402: Acute Dermal Toxicity  Rabbit  Dermal  3430  mg/kg LD50 (lethal dose)


OECD Test No. 403: Acute Rat Inhalation >17.76 mg/l LC0

Inhalation Toxicity
Unknown  Hamster  Oral  1200  mg/kg LD50 (lethal dose)


Skin corrosion/irritation 

Irritating to skin. 

Butan-1-ol (71-36-3)
Method  Species  Exposure route  Results
Rabbit  Dermal  Irritating to skin


Serious eye damage/eye irritation 

Irritating to eyes. Risk of serious damage to eyes. 

Butan-1-ol (71-36-3)
Method  Species  Exposure route  Results
OECD Test No. 405: Acute Eye Irritation/Corrosion  Rabbit  Eye  Irritating to eyes Causes serious eye damage


Respiratory or skin sensitisation 

Not a skin sensitiser. 

Butan-1-ol (71-36-3)
Method  Species  Exposure route  Results
OECD Test No. 406: Skin 


Skin  Not a skin sensitiser


Germ cell mutagenicity 

Not mutagenic. 

Butan-1-ol (71-36-3)
Method  Species  Results
In vitro Mammalian Chromosome Aberration Test in vitro  Negative
OECD Test No. 476: In vitro Mammalian Cell Gene Mutation Test in vitro  Negative
OECD Test No. 474: Mammalian Erythrocyte Micronucleus Test in vivo  Negative
Ames test  in vitro  Negative



Since all in vitro mutagenicity studies are negative, there is no hint for any carcinogenic potential. 

Reproductive toxicity 

The material has been tested in rats and found to cause no significant reproductive effects. 

Butan-1-ol (71-36-3)
Method  Species  Exposure route  Effective dose  Remarks
  1. Ecological information 

12.1. Butyl Alcohol Industrial Grade – Toxicity 

Low toxicity to aquatic organisms. 

Butan-1-ol (71-36-3)
Method  Species  Exposure route  Effective dose  Exposure time  Remarks
OECD Test No. 203: Fish, Acute Toxicity Test  Pimephales 


Freshwater  1376  96h  mg/l LC50 (lethal concentration)


Daphnia sp. Acute 

Immobilization Test 



OECD Test No. 201: Freshwater Algae and Cyanobacteria, Growth Inhibition Test Pseudokirchneriell a subcapitata  Freshwater  225  96h  mg/l EC50 



OECD Test No. 211: Daphnia magna 

Reproduction Test

Daphnia magna  Freshwater  4.1  21d  mg/l NOEC
DIN 38412, part 8 

(Pseudomonas cell 

multiplication inhibition test)

Bacteria toxicity  Freshwater  4390  17h  mg/l EC50 




12.2. Persistence and degradability 

Readily biodegradable 

Butan-1-ol (71-36-3)
Method  Value  Exposure time  Results
46 – 53 h  DT50 Abiotic Degradation photolysis
92%  20d  Readily biodegradable


12.3. Bioaccumulative potential 

No bioaccumulation potential 

Chemical Name  Partition coefficient  Bioconcentration factor (BCF)
Butan-1-ol  0.81


12.4. Butyl Alcohol Industrial Grade – Mobility in soil 

The product does not adsorb to suspended solids and sediment based upon the log Koc which indicates a high  mobility in soil. 

Chemical Name  Log Koc
Sabutol  0.388


12.5. Results of PBT and vPvB assessment 

This substance does not meet the criteria for classification as PBT or vPvB. 

  1. Disposal considerations 

Product In accordance with local and national regulations. 

Contaminated packaging Packaging that cannot be cleaned must be disposed of in the

  1. Transport information 

ADR UN-Number: 1987; Class: 3; Packaging group: III; F1; Description of the goods: ALCOHOLS, N.O.S. 

(butanols, pentanols) 

RID UN-Number: 1987; Class: 3; Packaging group: III; F1; 

Description of the goods: ALCOHOLS, N.O.S. 

(butanols, pentanols) 

ADNR UN-Number: 1987; Class: 3; Packaging group: III; F1; Description of the goods: ALCOHOLS, N.O.S. 

(butanols, pentanols) 

IMDG UN-Number: 1987; Class: 3; EmS: F-E, S-D; Packaging group: III; Description of the goods: ALCOHOLS, N.O.S. 

(butanols, pentanols) 

ICAO/IATA UN-Number : 1987; Class: 3; Packaging group: III; Description of the goods: Alcohols, n.o.s. (butanols, pentanols) 

Further information IMO Shipping name:Noxious Liquid , NF,(7) n.o.s. (Sabutol, contains n-Propyl alcohol),ST3, Cat Y 

  1. Regulatory information 

15.1. Safety, health and environmental regulations/legislation specific for the  substance or mixture 

Butyl Alcohol Industrial Grade – International Regulations 

Not applicable. 

European Union

Council Directive 2012/18/EU on the control of major-accident hazards involving dangerous substances. Take note of Directive 98/24/EC on the protection of the health and safety of workers from the risks related to  chemical agents at work 

Commission Regulation No 10/2011 relating to plastic materials and articles intended to come into contact with  food. Commission Decision 96/335/EC establishing an inventory and a common nomenclature of ingredients  employed in cosmetic products (INCI) 

15.2. Butyl Alcohol Industrial Grade – Chemical safety assessment 

A Chemical Safety Assessment has been carried out for this substance. 

  1. Other information 

All reasonable efforts were exercised to compile this SDS in accordance with GHS SANS 10234. The SDS  provides information regarding the health, safety and environmental hazards, at the date of issue, to facilitate  the safe receipt, use and handling of the product in the workplace. RLS cannot anticipate or control all  conditions under which the product may be handled, used and received in the workplace, it remains the  obligation of each user, receiver or handler to, prior to usage, review this SDS in the context within which the  product will be received, handled or used in the workplace. The user, handler or receiver must ensure that the  necessary mitigating measures are in place as regards health and safety. This does not substitute the need or  requirement for any relevant risk assessments to be conducted. It further remains the responsibility of the  receiver, handler or user to communicate such information to all relevant parties that may be involved in the  receipt, use or handling of the product. Although all reasonable efforts were exercised in the compilation of this  SDS, RLS does not expressly warrant the accuracy or assume any liability for the incompleteness of the  information contained herein or any advice given. The product is sold and risk passes in accordance with the  specific terms and conditions of sale. 





The information stated above is considered to be correct, but does not claim to be inclusive and shall only be used as a guideline. The information provided by this document is confirmed by our continuous updating of knowledge and adheres to the products appropriate safety precautions. It does not represent any guarantee of the product’s
properties. RLS Chemicals and its Associates shall not be held accountable for any damage’s consequent of handling the above product.


5lt, 25lt, 210lt

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