Formic Acid 85% CP – Identification of Product
Chemical Code: CHE-F3
Chemical Name: Formic Acid 85%
Chemical Grade: CP
Chemical Formula: CH₂O₂
Chemical Weight: 46,03 g/mol
CAS No: 64-18-6
Formic Acid 85% CP – Hazards Identification
REACH No: No Data Available
Signal Word: Danger
Supplemental Hazard Information: EUH071 – Corrosive to the respiratory tract.
Additional Hazard Information: This substance/mixture contains no components considered to be either persistent, bioaccumulative and toxic (PBT), or very persistent and very bioaccumulative (vPvB) at levels of 0.1% or higher.
Formic Acid 85% CP – Hazards statements
H226 – Flammable liquid and vapour.
H302 – Harmful if swallowed.
H314 – Causes severe skin burns and eye damage.
H331 – Toxic if inhaled.
Formic Acid 85% CP – Precautionary statements
P210 – Keep away from heat, hot surfaces, sparks, open flames and other ignition sources. No smoking.
P280 – Wear protective gloves/ protective clothing/ eye protection/ face protection.
P303 + P361 + P353 – IF ON SKIN (or hair): Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower.
P304 + P340 + P310 – IF INHALED: Remove person to fresh air and keep comfortable for breathing. Immediately call a POISON CENTER/doctor.
P305 + P351 + P338 – IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.
P403 + P233 – Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep container tightly closed.
Formic Acid 85% CP – Composition of Chemical
Chemical Formula: CH₂O₂
EC No 1272/2008: No Data Available
First Aid Measures
General Advice: Consult a physician. Show this safety data sheet to the doctor in attendance.
If: Inhaled: If breathed in, move person into fresh air. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. Consult a physician.
If: Skin Contact: Take off contaminated clothing and shoes immediately. Wash off with soap and plenty of water. Take victim immediately to hospital. Consult a physician
If: Eye Contac: Rinse thoroughly with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes and consult a physician.
If: Swallowed: Do NOT induce vomiting. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Rinse mouth with water. Consult a physician.
Important Symptoms: The most important known symptoms and effects are described in the labeling section.
Immediate Medical Attention: No Data Available
Extinguishing Media: Use water spray, alcohol-resistant foam, dry chemical or carbon dioxide.
Hazards Arising: No Data Available
Advice for Firefighters: Wear self-contained breathing apparatus for firefighting if necessary.
Info for Firefighting: Use water spray to cool unopened containers.
Accidental Release Measures
Personal Precautions: Wear respiratory protection. Avoid breathing vapours, mist or gas. Ensure adequate ventilation. Remove all sources of ignition. Evacuate personnel to safe areas. Beware of vapours accumulating to form explosive concentrations. Vapours can accumulate in low areas.
Enviromental Precautions: Prevent further leakage or spillage if safe to do so. Do not let product enter drains. Discharge into the environment must be avoided.
Method for Containment: Contain spillage, and then collect with an electrically protected vacuum cleaner or by wet-brushing and place in container for disposal according to local regulations.
Handling and Storage
Personal Precautions: Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Avoid inhalation of vapour or mist. Keep away from sources of ignition – No
smoking.Take measures to prevent the build up of electrostatic charge.
Enviromental Precautions: Store in cool place. Keep container tightly closed in a dry and well-ventilated place. Containers which are opened must be carefully resealed and kept upright to prevent leakage.
Exposure Controls | Personal Protection
Derived No Effect Level (DNEL)
Workers | Application Area | Exposure Routes | Health Effect | Value
No Data Available
Consumers | Application Area | Exposure Routes | Health Effect | Value
No Data Available
Predicted No Effect Concentration (PNEC)
No Data Available
Engineering Controls: Avoid contact with skin, eyes and clothing. Wash hands before breaks and immediately after handling the product.
Eye/Face Protection: Tightly fitting safety goggles. Face shield (8-inch minimum). Use equipment for eye protection tested and approved under appropriate government standards such as NIOSH (US) or EN 166(EU).
Skin Protection: Handle with gloves. Gloves must be inspected prior to use. Use proper glove removal technique (without touching gloves outer surface) to avoid skin contact with this product. Dispose of contaminated gloves after use in accordance with applicable laws and good laboratory practices.
Wash and dry hands.
The selected protective gloves have to satisfy the specifications of EU Directive 89/686/EEC and the standard EN 374 derived from it.
Minimum layer thickness: 0,3 mm
Break through time: 480 min
Material tested: Butoject® (KCL 897 / Size M)
Material: Nature latex/chloroprene
Minimum layer thickness: 0,6 mm
Break through time: 480 min
Material tested: Lapren® (KCL 706 / Size M)
data source: KCL GmbH, D-36124 test method: EN374
If used in solution, or mixed with other substances, and under conditions which differ from EN 374, contact the supplier of the CE approved gloves. This recommendation is advisory only and must be evaluated by an industrial hygienist and safety officer familiar with the specific situation of anticipated use by our customers. It should not be construed as offering an approval for any specific use scenario.
Body Protection: Complete suit protecting against chemicals, Flame retardant antistatic protective clothing., The type of protective equipment must be selected according to the concentration and amount of the dangerous substance at the specific workplace.
Respiratory Protection: Where risk assessment shows air-purifying respirators are appropriate use a full-face respirator with multipurpose combination (US) or type ABEK (EN 14387) respirator cartridges as a backup to engineering controls. If the respirator is the sole means of protection, use a full-face supplied air respirator. Use respirators and components tested and approved under
appropriate government standards such as NIOSH (US) or CEN (EU).
Physical and Chemical Properties
Appearance: Colourless liquid
Odour: Pungent odour
Odour Threshold: No Data Available
pH: 2,2 at 2,2 g/l at 20 °C
Melting Point: No Data Available
Boiling Point: 100 °C
Flash Point: 48 °C
Evaporation: No Data Available
Flammability: No Data Available
Upper/Lower Flammability or Explosive Limits: Upper explosion limit: 57 %(V) Lower explosion limit: 18 %(V)
Vapour pressure: No Data Available
Vapour density: No Data Available
Relative density: No Data Available
Water solubility: No Data Available
Partition Coefficien: Log Pow: -0,54
Auto-ignition Temperature: No Data Available
Decomposition Temperature: No Data Available
Viscosity: No Data Available
Explosive properties: No Data Available
Oxidizing properties: No Data Available
Other Safety Info: No Data Available
Stability and Reactivity
Reactivity: No Data Available
Chemical Stability: Stable under recommended storage conditions.
Possibility of hazardous reactions: No Data Available
Conditions to Avoid: Heat, flames and sparks.
Incompatible Materials: Strong oxidizing agents, Strong bases, Powdered metals.
Hazardous Decomposition Products: Hazardous decomposition products formed under fire conditions. – Carbon oxides.
Other decomposition products – No Data Available
Acute Toxicity: LD50 Oral – Rat – 730 mg/kg (Formic acid) (OECD Test Guideline 401)
LC50 Inhalation – Rat – 4 h – 7,4 mg/l (Formic acid)
Skin Corrosion/Irritation: Skin – Rabbit (Formic acid)
Result: Severe skin irritation (Draize Test)
Serious Eye damage | Eye Irritation: Eyes – Rabbit (Formic acid)
Result: Severe eye irritation.
Cell Mutagenicity: No Data Available (Formic acid)
Carcinogenicity: IARC: No component of this product present at levels greater than or equal to 0.1% is identified as probable, possible or confirmed human carcinogen by IARC.
Reproductive toxicity: No Data Available (Formic acid)
Specific Target Organ Toxicity – Single Exposure: No Data Available (Formic acid)
Specific Target Organ Toxicity – Repeated Exposure: No Data Available
Aspiration Hazard: No Data Available (Formic acid)
Ecological Toxicity: Toxicity to fish LC50 – Leuciscus idus (Golden orfe) – 46 – 100 mg/l – 96 h (Formic acid) Toxicity to daphnia and other aquatic invertebrates
EC50 – Daphnia magna (Water flea) – 34,2 mg/l – 48 h (Formic acid)
Toxicity to bacteria EC50 – Pseudomonas putida – 46,7 mg/l – 17 h (Formic acid)
Ecological Persistence and degradability: Biodegradability — Result: > 90 % – Readily biodegradable (OECD Test Guideline 301C)
Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD) — 86 mg/g (Formic acid)
Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) — 348 mg/g (Formic acid)
Ratio BOD/ThBOD — 8,60 % (Formic acid)
Bioaccumulative Potential: Bioaccumulation is unlikely.
Mobility in Soil: No Data Available (Formic acid)
Results of PBT and vPvB Assessment: This substance/mixture contains no components considered to be either persistent, bioaccumulative and toxic (PBT), or very persistent and very bioaccumulative (vPvB) at levels of 0.1% or higher.
Other Adverse Effect: Harmful to aquatic life. Additional ecological information
Waste Treatment Methods: Product
Burn in a chemical incinerator equipped with an afterburner and scrubber but exert extra care in igniting as this material is highly flammable. Offer surplus and non-recyclable solutions to a licensed disposal company.
Dispose of as unused product.
UN Number: ADR/RID: 1779
UN Shipping Hazard: ADR/RID: FORMIC ACID
IMDG: FORMIC ACID
IATA: Formic acid
Transport Hazard Class: ADR/RID: 8 (3)
IMDG: 8 (3)
IATA: 8 (3)
Packaging Group: ADR/RID: II
Enviromental Hazards: ADR/RID: no
IMDG Marine pollutant: no
Special Precautions: No Data Available
Safety, Health and environmental regulations: This safety datasheet complies with the requirements of Regulation (EC) No. 1907/2006.
Chemical Safety Assessment: For this product a chemical safety assessment was not carried out.
Additional Info: RTECS: LQ4900000
Material is extremely destructive to tissue of the mucous membranes and upper respiratory tract, eyes, and skin. Spasm, inflammation and edema of the larynx, spasm, inflammation and edema of the bronchi, pneumonitis, pulmonary edema, burning sensation, Cough, wheezing, laryngitis, Shortness of breath, Headache, Nausea, Vomiting (Formic acid). To the best of our knowledge, the chemical, physical, and toxicological properties have not been thoroughly investigated. (Formic acid).
Kidney – Irregularities – Based on Human Evidence (Formic acid).
DisclaimerThe information stated above is considered to be correct, but does not claim to be inclusive and shall only be used as a guideline. The information provided by this document is confirmed by our continuous updating of knowledge and adheres to the products appropriate safety precautions. It does not represent any guarantee of the product’s properties. RLS Chemicals and its Associates shall not be held accountable for any damage’s consequent of handling the above product.